Author Topic: H.H. Pope Pius XII: Sempiternus Rex Christus on the Council of Chalcedon.  (Read 527 times)

Offline Xavier

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For our Syrian Orthodox Christian friends here, this Encyclical Letter of Pope Pius XII is well worth reading. It is a sublime summary of the doctrine and history, proved by many reasons, taught by the Council of Chalcedon. It also shows the early Church took Papal Primacy of Jurisdiction for granted, for otherwise all sides would not have appealed to the Apostolic Throne of St. Peter, as in fact they did; and the Doctrinal Authority of the Successor of St. Peter when speaking ex cathedra is also manifested, for otherwise 600+ Bishops, almost all Oriental, would not have cried as with one voice, "Peter has spoken thus through Leo" when Pope St. Leo the Great uprooted the heresy of impious Eutyches. Eutyches unnecessarily caused confusion with the absurd claim "I confess that our Lord had two natures before the union [already false] but after the union I confess but one [also false, and empties out the Incarnation] which Pope St. Leo brilliantly refuted as follows, in the Tome, later acclaimed with great veneration and Episcopal enthusiasm at Chalcedon: (Before Christ's Incarnation, He was of One Nature (Consubstantial with both Father and the Holy Spirit). After the Incarnation, in His Divine Person, by the wondrous mystery of the Hypostatic Union, He assumed Human Nature so that Two Natures are United in One Person. The best comparison, given by the Fathers, is the union of bodily and spiritual natures, i.e. body and soul in any human person. So that, as in us humans, body and soul are two natures in one person, likewise, as St. Athanasius also says, Divinity and Humanity are Two Natures United in the One Person of Jesus Christ after the Incarnation. This is the confession of Catholic Faith necessary for salvation).

"I am surprised that so absurd and mistaken a statement of his should not have been criticised and rebuked by his judges, and that an utterance which reaches the height of stupidity and blasphemy should be allowed to pass as if nothing offensive had been heard: for the impiety of saying that the Son of God was of two natures before His incarnation is only equalled by the iniquity of asserting that there was but one nature in Him after the Word became flesh. And to the end that Eutyches may not think this a right or defensible opinion because it was not contradicted by any expression of yourselves, we warn you beloved brother, to take anxious care that if ever through the inspiration of God's mercy the case is brought to a satisfactory conclusion, his ignorant mind be purged from this pernicious idea as well as others. He was, indeed, just beginning to beat a retreat from his erroneous conviction, as the order of proceedings shows , in so far as when hemmed in by your remonstrances he agreed to say what he had not said before and to acquiesce in that belief to which before he had been opposed. However, when he refused to give his consent to the anathematizing of his blasphemous dogma, you understood, brother , that he abode by his treachery and deserved to receive a verdict of condemnation. And yet, if he grieves over it faithfully and to good purpose, and, late though it be, acknowledges how rightly the bishops' authority has been set in motion; or if with his own mouth and hand in your presence he recants his wrong opinions, no mercy that is shown to him when penitent can be found fault with : because our Lord, that true and good shepherd who laid down His life for His sheep and who came to save not lose men's souls Luke 9:50, wishes us to imitate His kindness ; in order that while justice constrains us when we sin, mercy may prevent our rejection when we have returned. For then at last is the true Faith most profitably defended when a false belief is condemned even by the supporters of it." http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/3604028.htm

"4. Now, to treat of things in due order, let us recall from the beginning the events which we commemorate. The originator of the whole controversy under discussion at Chalcedon was Eutyches, a priest and archimandrite in a famous monastery of Constantinople. This man, in refuting the Nestorian heresy which maintained that there were two persons in Christ, fell into the opposite error.

5. 'A rash man and quite unskilled' (St. Leo the Great to Flavian, Ep. xxviii, I. Pl. liv, 755 s.), with an extremely obstinate disposition, Eutyches asserted that two moments of time should be distinguished: thus before the Incarnation there were two natures in Christ, the human and the divine; after their union, however, only one existed, since the Word had absorbed the human nature (hominem); the body of the Lord came from the Virgin Mary, but was not of our substance and matter; if, indeed, it was human, it was not consubstantial with us, nor with her who gave birth to Christ according to the flesh (cf. Flavian to St. Leo, Ep. xxvi; Pl. liv, 745). Therefore, it was not in true human nature that Christ was born, suffered, was fastened to the cross and rose from the tomb.

6. Eutyches did not grasp that before the union the human nature of Christ did not exist at all, for it only began at the time of his conception; and it is absurd to suppose that after the union one nature resulted from the coalescence of two; for there is no way in which two true and distinct natures can be reduced to one, and the more so [in this case] since the divine nature is infinite and unchangeable.

7. Whoever judges wisely of these opinions will quickly conclude that by them the mystery of the divine dispensation is dissipated into shadowy absurdities and riddles. It was quite clear to those who were of sound piety and theology that this absurd novelty, so repugnant to the teachings of the prophets, to the words of the Gospel and to the dogma contained in the Apostles' Creed and the Nicene profession of faith, had been taken from the vaults of Apollinaris and Valentine.

8. A special synod was called at Constantinople; St. Flavian, bishop of that city, presided; Eutyches, who had been vigorously spreading his errors throughout the monasteries, was accused of heresy by Bishop Eusebius of Dorylaeum, and condemned. He considered that an injury had been done to him who had withstood the growth of the Nestorian heresy, and appealed to the judgment of some of the bishops placed in higher authority. And so St. Leo the Great, bishop of the Apostolic See, also received letters of appeal of this kind. No one could have been more suitable and capable for the refutation of Eutyches's error. His solid and shining virtues, his zealous watch equally over peace and religion, his strenuous defense of the dignity of the Roman see, his skill in the spoken word and equally in the management of affairs, have won for him the admiration of all succeeding ages. Moreover, he was accustomed in his allocutions and letters to maintain with great piety and pious greatness that the mystery of the one person and the two natures in Christ could never be preached sufficiently. 'The Catholic Church lives by this faith, and is nourished by it, that in Jesus Christ neither is the humanity believed with the true Divinity, nor the divinity without true humanity' (St. Leo the Great, Ep. xxviii, 5. PL. liv, 777)."


From: http://w2.vatican.va/content/pius-xii/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_p-xii_enc_08091951_sempiternus-rex-christus.html
« Last Edit: October 25, 2019, 05:36:36 AM by Xavier »
To understand God's Plan for Humanity, and how He has provided the means by which we can minimize the Coming Great Tribulation, read: https://maryrefugeofholylove.com/

Offer your Life to Jesus and Mary: TEXT OF THE LIFE OFFERING, adapted: Dear Lord Jesus, before the Holy Trinity, Our Heavenly Mother, and the whole Heavenly Court, united with Your most Precious Blood and Your Sacrifice on Calvary, We hereby Offer our whole Lives to the Intention of Your Sacred Heart and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Together with our life, we place at Your disposal all Holy Masses, all our Holy Communions, all Rosaries, all acts of consecration, all our good deeds, all our sacrifices, and the suffering of our entire life for the Adoration and Supplication of the Holy Trinity, for Unity in our Holy Mother Church, for the Holy Father, Pope Francis the First; and for His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. For His Eminence Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, His Excellency Metropolitan Hilarion, as well as His Eminence Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, that they may re-unite their flocks with the Roman Catholic Church, and there may soon be but One Fold and One Shepherd. For all the 220+ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, for all 6000+ Bishops of the Universal Church that they may be true Apostles and Shepherds; and for the 400,000+ Priests, the 700,000+ Nuns, 50,000+ Monks, 100,000+ seminarians, that they may all become the Saints the Divine Will wishes them to be; for all the 1.35 Billion Members of the Church, the Millions of Catholic Catechumens and Children to be born and baptized in this Decade; we pray for good Priestly and Religious Vocations, for All Lay Apostolates, and All Souls until the end of the world. O my Jesus, please accept our life Sacrifice and our offerings and give us Your grace that we may all persevere obediently until death. Amen." https://marianapostolate.com/life-offering/

"Mother of God, Co-Redemptrix of the world, pray for us" [Promise: 1000 Souls from Purgatory]"This short prayer, this insistent prayer, every time it is said, sets free from Purgatory 1000 Souls, who reach the Eternal Joy, the Eternal Light"(!). http://www.jesusmariasite.org/jesus-pray-my-children-that-the-fifth-marian-dogma-be-proclaimed/
 
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Offline Kreuzritter

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Offline Xavier

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Three Crystal Clear proofs the Apostolic Throne of St. Peter Holds the Keys and is the Rock on which the Church is built from Chalcedon:

I: The First Proof - the Proof from the appeal of Eutyches himself to the Apostolic Throne: "I take refuge, therefore, with you, the defender of religion and abhorrer of such factions. ...I beseech you not to be prejudiced against me by their insidious designs about me, but to pronounce the sentence which shall seem to you right upon the Faith.[/u] -- Eutyches to Pope Leo, Ep 21.

By words so clear with a meaning so plain, the dark errors of Gallican absurdity are banished forever. For if the very originator of the Eutychian Monophysite heresy who gave it his name is constrained by the force of antiquity to acknowledge the right of Pope St. Leo the Great to pass the sentence that seems right to him on questions concerning the Faith, it necessarily follows that those Supreme Keys of Divine Authority which the Lord of Heaven gave to St. Peter, Prince of the Apostles, to be exercised in His Name, remains in a special way forever in the Apostolic Throne, and is inherited by the Successors of St. Peter for all time. This is further confirmed by St. Peter C.

II: The Second Proof - the Proof from the words of St. Peter Chrysologus to the heretic Eutyches: "We exhort you, honorable brother, that you obediently listen to what has been written by the blessed Pope of the city of Rome, since blessed Peter, who lives and presides in his own see, offers the truth of faith to those who seek. For we, in our zeal for peace and faith, cannot decide questions of faith apart from consent of the Bishop of Rome. -- Peter Chrysologus of Ravenna to Eutyches, Ep 25

A stunning proof that, based on the Words of Our Lord in Luk 22:32, to obtain unfailing faith for St. Peter and his Successors in the exercise ex cathedra of their ministry to "confirm the brethren" in the Faith, any disputed, unsettled question of Faith is to be set before the Successors of St. Peter awaiting their definitive judgment on the question placed before them. For "if blessed Peter, who lives and presides in his own See (Rome) offers the truth of faith to those who seek", it is manifest that the See of Peter enjoys perpetual guidance, when the fullness of authority to definitively determine controverted questions from the Apostolic Throne has been exercised.

III: The Third Proof:  The Proof from the words of persecuted Patriarch St. Flavian of Constantinople: "When I began to appeal to the throne of the Apostolic See of Peter, the Prince of the Apostles, and to the whole sacred synod, which is obedient to Your Holiness, at once a crowd of soldiers surrounded me and barred my way when I wished to take refuge at the holy altar. ...Therefore, I beseech Your Holiness not to permit these things to be treated with indifference...but to rise up first on behalf of the cause of our orthodox Faith, now destroyed by unlawful acts. ...Further to issue an authoritative instruction...so that a like faith may everywhere be preached by the assembly of an united synod of fathers, both Eastern and Western. Thus the laws of the fathers may prevail and all that has been done amiss be rendered null and void. Bring healing to this ghastly wound. -- Patriarch Flavian of Constantinople to Pope Leo, 449

An astonishing proof from a Saintly Patriarch of Constantinople that destroys later Byzantine Caesaropapism. For, it states (1) the whole Synod itself is obedient to His Holiness Pope St. Leo the Great, it confirms (2) The Roman Pontiff has the authority to declare a "Robber Council" null and void, as in fact the 449 Council was nullified, thanks to the timely and spectacular intervention of Pope St. Leo. (3) Further than an authoritative intervention of the Pope, like the Tome would be, and the convening of all Eastern and Western Fathres under his authority (although finally, about 600+ Bishops, almost all from the Orient, only gathered - about 2 from Africa) would be needed to uproot this new heresy of Eutyches. All of this shows clearly that those who attack the Papacy deny the Councils.

At least 4 more could be constrcuted with consummate ease from the texts of the Council and letters of Pope St. Leo the Great himself, but I pass it over due to time constraints, and leave it for another person interested in the question to study or take it up if he wishes. See for further study: http://www.biblicalcatholic.com/apologetics/a35.htm

God bless, all.
« Last Edit: October 25, 2019, 02:48:47 PM by Xavier »
To understand God's Plan for Humanity, and how He has provided the means by which we can minimize the Coming Great Tribulation, read: https://maryrefugeofholylove.com/

Offer your Life to Jesus and Mary: TEXT OF THE LIFE OFFERING, adapted: Dear Lord Jesus, before the Holy Trinity, Our Heavenly Mother, and the whole Heavenly Court, united with Your most Precious Blood and Your Sacrifice on Calvary, We hereby Offer our whole Lives to the Intention of Your Sacred Heart and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Together with our life, we place at Your disposal all Holy Masses, all our Holy Communions, all Rosaries, all acts of consecration, all our good deeds, all our sacrifices, and the suffering of our entire life for the Adoration and Supplication of the Holy Trinity, for Unity in our Holy Mother Church, for the Holy Father, Pope Francis the First; and for His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. For His Eminence Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, His Excellency Metropolitan Hilarion, as well as His Eminence Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, that they may re-unite their flocks with the Roman Catholic Church, and there may soon be but One Fold and One Shepherd. For all the 220+ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, for all 6000+ Bishops of the Universal Church that they may be true Apostles and Shepherds; and for the 400,000+ Priests, the 700,000+ Nuns, 50,000+ Monks, 100,000+ seminarians, that they may all become the Saints the Divine Will wishes them to be; for all the 1.35 Billion Members of the Church, the Millions of Catholic Catechumens and Children to be born and baptized in this Decade; we pray for good Priestly and Religious Vocations, for All Lay Apostolates, and All Souls until the end of the world. O my Jesus, please accept our life Sacrifice and our offerings and give us Your grace that we may all persevere obediently until death. Amen." https://marianapostolate.com/life-offering/

"Mother of God, Co-Redemptrix of the world, pray for us" [Promise: 1000 Souls from Purgatory]"This short prayer, this insistent prayer, every time it is said, sets free from Purgatory 1000 Souls, who reach the Eternal Joy, the Eternal Light"(!). http://www.jesusmariasite.org/jesus-pray-my-children-that-the-fifth-marian-dogma-be-proclaimed/
 
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Offline Xavier

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Let's compile some more, then, for future reference:

IV. Fourth Proof: "This is the faith of the fathers! This is the faith of the Apostles! So we all believe! thus the orthodox believe! Anathema to him who does not thus believe! Peter has spoken thus through Leo! . . . This is the true faith!'" (Acts of the Council, session 2 [A.D. 451]).

What does this imply? That the whole Council of Chalcedon received the Dogmatic Tome of Pope St. Leo the Great as an ex cathedra declaration. If a Council says it is of faith that "Peter has spoken thus through Leo", and he who does not believe that is anathema, it is evident the Successor of Peter holds the Keys of St. Peter and enjoys the perpetual divine guidance promised to him when exercising ex cathedra the supreme authority from the Chair.

V: Fifth Proof: "Blessed Peter, preserving in the strength of the Rock, which he has received, has not abandoned the helm of the Church, which he undertook. ...And so if anything is rightly done and rightly decreed by us, if anything is won from the mercy of God by our daily supplications, it is of his work and merits whose power lives and whose authority prevails in his see. To him whom they know to be not only the patron of this see, but also primate of all bishops. When, therefore, believe that he is speaking whose representative we are." -- Pope Leo, Sermon 3:3-4

St. Peter is Primate of all Bishops. The Pope is the Representative of Peter. All that is done in the Apostolic See is by Peter's patronage.

VI. Sixth Proof: Now the Lord desired that the dispensing of this gift should be shared as a task by all Apostles, but in such a way that He put the principal charge on the most blessed Peter, the highest of all the Apostles. He wanted His gifts to flow into the entire Body from Peter himself, as it were from the Head. Thus, a man who had dared to separate himself from the solidity of Peter would realize that he no longer shared in the Divine mystery. -- Pope Leo, Ep 10

Pope St. Leo clearly teaches that the Successor of St. Peter is Vicar of Christ, Rock and visible Head of the Church on Earth, and therefore those who secede from the Church immediately lose all jurisdiction and authority, and fall out of the Church, where there is no salvation.

VII. Seventh Proof: "Wherefore the most holy and blessed Leo, archbishop of the great and elder Rome, through us, and through this present most holy synod together with the thrice-blessed and all-glorious Peter the Apostle, who is the Rock and foundation of the Catholic Church, and the foundation of the orthodox faith, hath stripped him (Dioscorus, Bishop of Alexandria) of his episcopate, and hath alienated from him all hieratic worthiness." -- Acts of Chalcedon, Session 3

The Acts of Chalcedon clearly teach dogmatically therefore that St. Peter is the Rock of the Church. Not only that, but also that the Pope and he alone has proper authority to excommunicate rebel and heretical Bishops. They also make manifest that the Pope himself is exercising his authority through the Synod, and that they therefore are his representatives under Christ in passing judgment. All of this, if anything, even goes beyond explicit defined Catholic teaching of the present day, and it is all present in Councils from 1500 years ago.

VIII. Eighth Proof: "Of whom you were Chief, as Head to the members, showing your good will. -- Chalcedon to Pope Leo (Repletum est Gaudio), November 451

Simple and self-explanatory. The Roman Pontiff is Chief of all the Pastors as Head of the Episcopal Body. Hence, it follows that he has inherited that Chief Pastorship (Jn 21:16) over the whole flock, the sheep and the lambs alike, that the Lord Jesus confided to Simon alone after the Resurrection; for this is the fulfilment of the divine promise made before the Resurrection in the future tense "I will give." What God promised to Simon alone, above the rest of the Apostles, God gave to Simon alone, demanding of him a higher love than the rest of the Apostles. And by making Him the Chief Shepherd of the whole flock on Earth, instituted the Office of the Papacy.

IX. Ninth Proof: "Besides all this, he (Dioscorus) extended his fury even against him who had been charged with the custody of the vine by the Savior. We refer to Your Holiness ... Knowing that every success of the children rebounds to the parents, we therefore beg you to honor our decision by your assent, and as we have yielded agreement to the Head in noble things, so may the Head also fulfill what is fitting for the children. -- Chalcedon to Pope Leo, Ep 98

Wow! So, the Council of Chalcedon clearly recognized Pope Leo as the successor of Peter and the Head of the Church, the Vicar of Christ, and the Father and Teacher of all Christians. The Council begged His Holiness Pope St. Leo the Great to "honor our decision by Your assent" for they knew that this was indispensably necessary for, and the cause, the Council being made Ecumenical. We have ample and almost unlimited confirmation here of Catholic Teaching from the Ecumenical Councils. Thus, its deniers deny the Councils.

X. Tenth Proof:  "Even so, the whole force of confirmation of the acts was reserved for the authority of Your Blessedness. Therefore, let Your Holiness know for certain that I did nothing to further the matter, knowing always that I held myself bound to avoid the lusts of pride and covetousness. -- Patriarch Anatolius of Constantinople to Pope Leo, Ep 132 (on the subject of canon 28 of Chalcedon).

What an astonishing proof! So the Patriarch says nothing at all is definite, until and unless it is confirmed by the Successor of St. Peter, and proclaimed by his universal jurisdiction as universal or ecumenical for the whole Catholic Church. It is significant the Popes exercised something like a "line item veto" of canon 28, once more showing the Successor of St. Peter in a special way exercises supreme jurisdiction in making councils ecumenical. What the Pontiff disapproved of was a Robber Council. What he approved of was an Ecumenical Council. The proofs are incredibly plain.
« Last Edit: October 27, 2019, 05:43:46 PM by Xavier »
To understand God's Plan for Humanity, and how He has provided the means by which we can minimize the Coming Great Tribulation, read: https://maryrefugeofholylove.com/

Offer your Life to Jesus and Mary: TEXT OF THE LIFE OFFERING, adapted: Dear Lord Jesus, before the Holy Trinity, Our Heavenly Mother, and the whole Heavenly Court, united with Your most Precious Blood and Your Sacrifice on Calvary, We hereby Offer our whole Lives to the Intention of Your Sacred Heart and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Together with our life, we place at Your disposal all Holy Masses, all our Holy Communions, all Rosaries, all acts of consecration, all our good deeds, all our sacrifices, and the suffering of our entire life for the Adoration and Supplication of the Holy Trinity, for Unity in our Holy Mother Church, for the Holy Father, Pope Francis the First; and for His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. For His Eminence Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, His Excellency Metropolitan Hilarion, as well as His Eminence Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, that they may re-unite their flocks with the Roman Catholic Church, and there may soon be but One Fold and One Shepherd. For all the 220+ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, for all 6000+ Bishops of the Universal Church that they may be true Apostles and Shepherds; and for the 400,000+ Priests, the 700,000+ Nuns, 50,000+ Monks, 100,000+ seminarians, that they may all become the Saints the Divine Will wishes them to be; for all the 1.35 Billion Members of the Church, the Millions of Catholic Catechumens and Children to be born and baptized in this Decade; we pray for good Priestly and Religious Vocations, for All Lay Apostolates, and All Souls until the end of the world. O my Jesus, please accept our life Sacrifice and our offerings and give us Your grace that we may all persevere obediently until death. Amen." https://marianapostolate.com/life-offering/

"Mother of God, Co-Redemptrix of the world, pray for us" [Promise: 1000 Souls from Purgatory]"This short prayer, this insistent prayer, every time it is said, sets free from Purgatory 1000 Souls, who reach the Eternal Joy, the Eternal Light"(!). http://www.jesusmariasite.org/jesus-pray-my-children-that-the-fifth-marian-dogma-be-proclaimed/
 

Offline Xavier

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11th and 12th proof from the Canons of earlier Ecumenical Councils are cited in Vatican I itself. Lyons II and Florence, beside Ephesus and Constantinople IV. The first two are posted below: https://www.ewtn.com/catholicism/library/first-vatican-council-1505

11. The Eleventh Proof: "What is more, with the approval of the second Council of Lyons, the Greeks made the following profession:"The Holy Roman Church possesses the supreme and full primacy and principality over the whole Catholic Church. She truly and humbly acknowledges that she received this from the Lord himself in blessed Peter, the prince and chief of the apostles, whose successor the Roman Pontiff is, together with the fullness of power. And since before all others she has the duty of defending the truth of the faith, so if any questions arise concerning the faith, it is by her judgment that they must be settled." [57]" Simple and self-evident to all.

12. The Twvelvth Proof: Then there is the definition of the Council of Florence:"The Roman Pontiff is the true vicar of Christ, the head of the whole Church and the father and teacher of all Christians; and to him was committed in blessed Peter, by our lord Jesus Christ, the full power of tending, ruling and governing the whole Church." [58] Another proof Vatican I simply built on canons of earlier Councils.

Hence, the principal objections of the Gallicans, the Janensists, Orthodox Christians and other objectors to Papal Infallibility are solved.
To understand God's Plan for Humanity, and how He has provided the means by which we can minimize the Coming Great Tribulation, read: https://maryrefugeofholylove.com/

Offer your Life to Jesus and Mary: TEXT OF THE LIFE OFFERING, adapted: Dear Lord Jesus, before the Holy Trinity, Our Heavenly Mother, and the whole Heavenly Court, united with Your most Precious Blood and Your Sacrifice on Calvary, We hereby Offer our whole Lives to the Intention of Your Sacred Heart and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Together with our life, we place at Your disposal all Holy Masses, all our Holy Communions, all Rosaries, all acts of consecration, all our good deeds, all our sacrifices, and the suffering of our entire life for the Adoration and Supplication of the Holy Trinity, for Unity in our Holy Mother Church, for the Holy Father, Pope Francis the First; and for His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. For His Eminence Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, His Excellency Metropolitan Hilarion, as well as His Eminence Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, that they may re-unite their flocks with the Roman Catholic Church, and there may soon be but One Fold and One Shepherd. For all the 220+ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, for all 6000+ Bishops of the Universal Church that they may be true Apostles and Shepherds; and for the 400,000+ Priests, the 700,000+ Nuns, 50,000+ Monks, 100,000+ seminarians, that they may all become the Saints the Divine Will wishes them to be; for all the 1.35 Billion Members of the Church, the Millions of Catholic Catechumens and Children to be born and baptized in this Decade; we pray for good Priestly and Religious Vocations, for All Lay Apostolates, and All Souls until the end of the world. O my Jesus, please accept our life Sacrifice and our offerings and give us Your grace that we may all persevere obediently until death. Amen." https://marianapostolate.com/life-offering/

"Mother of God, Co-Redemptrix of the world, pray for us" [Promise: 1000 Souls from Purgatory]"This short prayer, this insistent prayer, every time it is said, sets free from Purgatory 1000 Souls, who reach the Eternal Joy, the Eternal Light"(!). http://www.jesusmariasite.org/jesus-pray-my-children-that-the-fifth-marian-dogma-be-proclaimed/