Author Topic: Are the divine attributes dogmatic?  (Read 115 times)

Offline Daniel

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Are the divine attributes dogmatic?
« on: September 15, 2019, 06:37:24 AM »
Are the divine attributes dogmatic? I know that some of them are found explicitly in scripture, but what of the others? Are we free to deny them?
 

Offline John Lamb

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Re: Are the divine attributes dogmatic?
« Reply #1 on: September 16, 2019, 11:06:35 AM »
The Athanasian Creed states that God is one, substantial, infinite, immense, omnipotent, glorious, majestic, eternal, uncreated.

The First Vatican Council states:
Quote

The holy, Catholic, Apostolic, Roman Church believes and confesses that there is one, true, living God, Creator and Lord of heaven and earth, omnipotent, eternal, immense, incomprehensible, infinite in intellect and will, and in every perfection; who, although He is one, singular, altogether simple and unchangeable spiritual substance, must be proclaimed distinct in reality and essence from the world; most blessed in Himself and of Himself, and ineffably most high above all things which are or can be conceived outside Himself.

[one, true, living, creator, lord, omnipotent, eternal, immense, incomprehensible, infinite, intellectual (has a mind), free (has a will), perfect, simple, unchangeable, singular, spiritual, substantial, distinct (from the world, i.e. transcendent), blessed, ineffable, most high (i.e. transcendent)]

This sole true God by His goodness and "omnipotent power," not to increase His own beatitude, and not to add to, but to manifest His perfection by the blessings which He bestows on creatures, with most free volition, "immediately from the beginning of time fashioned each creature out of nothing, spiritual and corporeal, namely angelic and mundane; and then the human creation, common as it were, composed of both spirit and body.

But God protects and governs by His providence all things which He created, "reaching from end to end mightily and ordering all things sweetly" [cf. Wisd. 8:1]. For "all things are naked and open to His eyes" [ Heb. 4:13], even those which by the free action of creatures are in the future.

The same Holy Mother Church holds and teaches thatGod, the beginning and end of all things, can be known with certitude by the natural light of human reason from created things; "for the invisible things of him, from the creation of the world, are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made" [ Rom 1:20]; nevertheless, it has pleased His wisdom and goodness to reveal Himself and the eternal decrees of His will to the human race in another and supernatural way, as the Apostle says: "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners, spoke in times past to the fathers by the prophets, last of all, in these days hath spoken to us by His Son" [ Heb.1:1 f; can. 1].

[...]

If anyone shall have denied the one true God, Creator and Lord of visible and invisible things: let him be anathema.

If anyone shall not be ashamed to affirm that nothing exists except matter: let him be anathema.

If anyone shall say that one and the same thing is the substance or essence of God and of all things: let him be anathema.

If anyone shall say that finite things, both corporeal and spiritual, or at least the spiritual, have emanated from the divine substance, or, that the divine essence by a manifestation or evolution of itself becomes all things, or, finally, that God is universal or indefinite being, because by determining Himself, He created all things distinct in genera, in species, and in individuals: let him be anathema.

If anyone does not confess that the world and all things which are contained in it, both spiritual and material, as regards their whole substance, have been produced by God from nothing; or,shall have said that God created not by a volition free of all necessity, but as necessarily as He necessarily loves Himself; or, shall have denied that the world was created to the glory of God: let him be anathema.
« Last Edit: September 16, 2019, 11:13:10 AM by John Lamb »
As many as received him, he gave them power to be made the sons of God, to them that believe in his name. (John 1:12)
 
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