Author Topic: Isaias 7:14 in Latin Vulgate, Greek Septuagint and Aramaic Tanakh vs Masoretic.  (Read 620 times)

Offline Xavier

  • Eternal Father, through Mary's Immaculate Heart, We Offer You the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ in Atonement for our sins and those of the Whole World.
  • St. Joseph's Workbench
  • Hauptmann
  • ****
  • Posts: 5390
  • Thanked: 3682 times
  • Slave of the Risen Jesus in the Holy Sacrifice.
    • Marian Apostolate Life Offering.
  • Religion: St. Thomas' Indult Traditional Roman Catholic.
Isaiah 7:14 is another text the Vulgate, continuing its Tradition of practically 100% accuracy, gets right, while the Masoretic is vague.

"14 Propter hoc dabit Dominus ipse vobis signum: ecce virgo concipiet, et pariet filium, et vocabitur nomen ejus Emmanuel."

I.e. "For the Lord Himself shall give us a Sign: Behold a Virgin shall Conceive, and bear a Son, and call Him Emmanuel [i.e. God with us]"

Here, therefore it is announced and confirmed that God will become Man and be born of a Virgin Mother, namely our Blessed Mother Mary.

1. In the Greek Septuagint, completed several centuries before the Incarnation of Jesus Christ Our Lord, Parthenos (Virgin) is correct.

7:14  διὰ τοῦτο δώσει κύριος αὐτὸς ὑμῗν σημεῗον ἰδοὺ ἡ παρθένος ἐν γαστρὶ ἕξει καὶ τέξεται υἱόν καὶ καλέσεις τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Εμμανουηλ

2. The Masoretic is less specific. The earlier Hebrew texts known to both St. Matthew and St. Jerome by contrast were more clear.

7:14  לָכֵן יִתֵּן אֲדֹנָי הוּא לָכֶם אֹות הִנֵּה הָעַלְמָה הָרָה וְיֹלֶדֶת בֵּן וְקָרָאת שְׁמֹו עִמָּנוּ אֵֽל׃

3. The Peshitta shows us even more clearly what the Hebrew would have signified, by the word Bethulta, a clear reference to a Virgin.

http://www.hebrew-streams.org/works/hebrew/yeshayah714.html

See also: "Viewing her from the context of Israel's biblical history, Yeshua's mother is Virgin Israel — Betulat Yisrael. Miryam represents a faithfilled and obedient nation Israel. She is what Israel as an entire people was meant to be. And the father of her baby is God, the Creator." http://www.hebrew-streams.org/works/hebrew/betulatyisrael.html

So St. Jerome gets it right, and his translation is backed up by the Septuagint and the Tanakh, even the Hebrew implicitly, "Jerome actually believed that the Hebrew העלמה meant abscondita “hidden.”  Therefore the girl in Isaiah 7:14 was more than a virgin.  She was a cloistered girl, which necessitates virginity." It is not just a Virgin Who would give birth to the Saviour of humanity, but a Cloistered Virgin, Consecrated in the Temple. https://septuagintstudies.wordpress.com/2009/05/16/the-ancient-versions-on-isaiah-7-14/

Finally, since the Birth is to be a sign, it is plain the birth is to be miraculous; moreover, that is confirmed by the preceding passages, where king Achaz understood the Lord was promising a display of His Power, and asking him to ask for a sign, "[11] Ask thee a sign of the Lord thy God either unto the depth of hell, or unto the height above. [12] And Achaz said: I will not ask, and I will not tempt the Lord ... see http://www.drbo.org/chapter/27007.htm Yet, some deny it and say the Messiah is not be born of a Virgin. Many other passages throughout the OT Scriptures speak of Her, the Virgin Daughter of Zion, destined to become Mother of God and the Faithful.

Finally, the promise of a miraculous birth is confirmed in the same Prophet, under the image of the mystical city of God, or of the spiritual Jerusalem, Who is Mary where God dwelt, Isa 66:[6] "A voice of the people from the city, a voice from the temple, the voice of the Lord that rendereth recompense to his enemies. [7] Before she was in labour, she brought forth; before her time came to be delivered, she brought forth a man child. [8] Who hath ever heard such a thing? and who hath seen the like to this? shall the earth bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be brought forth at once, because Sion hath been in labour, and hath brought forth her children? [9] Shall not I that make others to bring forth children, myself bring forth, saith the Lord? shall I, that give generation to others, be barren, saith the Lord thy God? [10] Rejoice with Jerusalem, and be glad with her, all you that love her: rejoice for joy with her, all you that mourn for her." What are the other ways in which Scripture pre-announced the Virgin Birth of Our Lord Jesus from His Mother Mary? 
To understand God's Plan for Humanity, and how He has provided the means by which we can minimize the Coming Great Tribulation, read: https://maryrefugeofholylove.com/

Offer your Life to Jesus and Mary: TEXT OF THE LIFE OFFERING, adapted: Dear Lord Jesus, before the Holy Trinity, Our Heavenly Mother, and the whole Heavenly Court, united with Your most Precious Blood and Your Sacrifice on Calvary, We hereby Offer our whole Lives to the Intention of Your Sacred Heart and to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. Together with our life, we place at Your disposal all Holy Masses, all our Holy Communions, all Rosaries, all acts of consecration, all our good deeds, all our sacrifices, and the suffering of our entire life for the Adoration and Supplication of the Holy Trinity, for Unity in our Holy Mother Church, for the Holy Father, Pope Francis the First; and for His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI. For His Eminence Patriarch Kirill of Moscow, His Excellency Metropolitan Hilarion, as well as His Eminence Patriarch Bartholomew of Constantinople, that they may re-unite their flocks with the Roman Catholic Church, and there may soon be but One Fold and One Shepherd. For all the 220+ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, for all 6000+ Bishops of the Universal Church that they may be true Apostles and Shepherds; and for the 400,000+ Priests, the 700,000+ Nuns, 50,000+ Monks, 100,000+ seminarians, that they may all become the Saints the Divine Will wishes them to be; for all the 1.35 Billion Members of the Church, the Millions of Catholic Catechumens and Children to be born and baptized in this Decade; we pray for good Priestly and Religious Vocations, for All Lay Apostolates, and All Souls until the end of the world. O my Jesus, please accept our life Sacrifice and our offerings and give us Your grace that we may all persevere obediently until death. Amen." https://marianapostolate.com/life-offering/

"Mother of God, Co-Redemptrix of the world, pray for us" [Promise: 1000 Souls from Purgatory]"This short prayer, this insistent prayer, every time it is said, sets free from Purgatory 1000 Souls, who reach the Eternal Joy, the Eternal Light"(!). http://www.jesusmariasite.org/jesus-pray-my-children-that-the-fifth-marian-dogma-be-proclaimed/