Author Topic: The Errors of the Jansenists  (Read 2857 times)

Offline Mithrandylan

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The Errors of the Jansenists
« on: March 06, 2013, 01:50:26 PM »
I thought it might be helpful to post the actual condemned errors of the Jansenists.  I'm literally copying it out of Denzinger.  The section ends with "[The preceding are] Condemned and prohibited asrash, scandalous, evil-sounding, injurious, close to heresy, smacking of heresy, erroneous, schismatic, and heretical respectively." (brackets mine)

Quote
[Condemned in a Decr. of the Holy Office, Dec. 7, 1690]

 

1291  1. In the state of fallen nature, for mortal [Viva: formale] sin and for demerit that liberty is sufficient by which the mortal sin or demerit was voluntary and free in its cause, namely, in original sin and in the will of Adam sinning.

1292 2. Although there is such a thing as invincible ignorance of the law of nature, this, in the state of fallen nature, does not excuse from formal sin anyone acting out of ignorance.

1293  3. It is not permitted to follow a (probable) opinion or among the probables the most probable.*

1294  4. Christ gave Himself for us as an oblation to God, not for the elect only, but for all the faithful only.

1295 5. Pagans, Jews, heretics, and others of this kind do not receive in any way any influence from Jesus Christ, and so you will rightly infer from this that in them there is a bare and weak will without any sufficient grace.

1296  6. Grace sufficient for our state is not so much useful as pernicious, so that we can justly pray: From sufficient grace deliver us, O Lord.

1297 7. Every human act is a deliberate choice of God or of the world; if of God, it is love of the Father; if of the world, it is concupiscence of the flesh, that is, it is evil.

1298 8. Of necessity, an infidel sins in every act.

1299 9. In truth he sins who hates sin merely because of its vileness and its inconsistency with nature, without any reference to the offense to God.

1300 10. The intention with which anyone detests evil and follows after good, merely that he may obtain heavenly glory, is not right nor pleasing to God.

1301 11. Everything which is not in accordance with supernatural Christian faith, which works through charity, is a sin.

1302 12. When in great sinners all love is lacking, faith also is lacking; and even if they seem to believe, their faith is not divine but human.

1303 13. Whoever serves God even in view of an eternal reward, if he lacks charity, is not free from fault, as often as he acts even in view of his eternal reward.

1304 14. Fear of hell is not supernatural.

1305   15. Attrition, which is conceived through a fear of hell and punishments, with a love of benevolence for God in Himself, is not a good and supernatural motive.

1306 16. Neither the policy nor institution of the Church has introduced the order of placing satisfaction before absolution, but the law and prescription of Christ, since the nature of the thing in a way demands that very order.

1307  17. By that practice of absolving first the order of penance is inverted.

1308 18. The modern custom as regards the administration of the sacrament of penance, even if the authority of many men sustains it and long duration confirms it, is nevertheless not considered by the Church as a usage but as an abuse.

1309   19 Man ought to do penance during his whole life for original sin.

1310 20. Confessions made to religious are generally either sacrilegious or invalid.

1311 21. The parish priest can suspect mendicants who live on common alms, of imposing too light and unsuitable a penance or satisfaction because of the advantage or gain of some temporal aid.

1312 22. They are to be judged sacrilegious who claim the right to receive Communion before they have done worthy penance for their sins.

1313 23. Similarly, they must be prevented from Holy Communion, who have not yet a pure love of God, without any admixture.

1314 24. The oblation in the Temple, which was made by the Blessed Virgin Mary on the day of her purification by means of two turtle doves, one for a holocaust and the other for sins, sufficiently testifies that she was in need of purification, and that her Son (who was being offered) was also stained with the stain of His mother, according to the words of the law.

1315 25. It is unlawful to place in a Christian temple an image of God the Father [Viva: sedentis, sitting].

1316  26. Praise which is offered to Mary, as Mary, is vain.

1317 27. Sometimes baptism is valid when conferred under this form: "In the name of the Father, etc. . . . ," omitting these words: "I baptize thee."

1318 28. Baptism is valid when conferred by a minister who observes all the external rite and form of baptizing, but within his heart resolves, I do not intend what the Church does.

1319 29. Futile and many times refuted is the assertion about the authority of the Roman Pontiff being superior to that of an ecumenical Council and about his infallibility in deciding questions of faith.

1320 30. When anyone finds a doctrine clearly established in Augustine, he can absolutely hold and teach it, disregarding any bull of the pope.

1321 31. The Bull of Urban VIII, "In Eminenti," is false.*

It may be helpful to refer to this if we have discussions about Jansenism.

Here is the CE article on it as well: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08285a.htm

Denzinger online: http://denzinger.patristica.net/#n1200

(It does not have the systematic index, so owning a copy is a good idea
Ps 135

Quia in humilitáte nostra memor fuit nostri: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Et redémit nos ab inimícis nostris: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Qui dat escam omni carni: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Confitémini Deo cæli: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Confitémini Dómino dominórum: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.

For he was mindful of us in our affliction: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
And he redeemed us from our enemies: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
Who giveth food to all flesh: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
Give glory to the God of heaven: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
Give glory to the Lord of lords: * for his mercy endureth for ever.

-I retract any and all statements I have made that are incongruent with the True Faith, and apologize for ever having made them-
 

Offline Kaesekopf

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Re: The Errors of the Jansenists
« Reply #1 on: March 06, 2013, 02:00:35 PM »
Thank you for this
Wie dein Sonntag, so dein Sterbetag.

I am not altogether on anybody's side, because nobody is altogether on my side.  ~Treebeard, LOTR

Jesus son of David, have mercy on me.
 

Offline Mithrandylan

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Re: The Errors of the Jansenists
« Reply #2 on: March 06, 2013, 02:16:30 PM »
Notice that these condemnations aren't so much endorsing of laxity, but condemning of 'rigorosity' for lack of a better term.

In the common example of a Catholic who refuses to drink and one who (moderately and licitly) enjoys drink, neither is less Catholic based on the fact alone, and the person who refuses to drink could only be rebuked if he refuses to drink because he believes the drink is evil itself.

A Catholic who chooses to impose harsher disciplines upon himself than are 'required' is not a Jansenist.

I made this post more for the reason of illustrating that Jansenism is very specific, and that a person can avoid all worldliness and not be a Jansenist.  I doubt any of us would call the Transalpine Redemptorists Jansenists.  We should not let our opposition to Jansenism be an excuse for sinful frivolity.

Catholicism is very much about balance, although not in the Eastern sense (balance for it's own sake).  It's about balance because of how easy it is to sin.  One can sin through laxity, and through rigorousness.  Our Lord says 'narrow is the path.'  The path is like a tight rope.  One can fall to one side or the other. 





Ps 135

Quia in humilitáte nostra memor fuit nostri: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Et redémit nos ab inimícis nostris: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Qui dat escam omni carni: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Confitémini Deo cæli: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.
Confitémini Dómino dominórum: * quóniam in ætérnum misericórdia eius.

For he was mindful of us in our affliction: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
And he redeemed us from our enemies: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
Who giveth food to all flesh: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
Give glory to the God of heaven: * for his mercy endureth for ever.
Give glory to the Lord of lords: * for his mercy endureth for ever.

-I retract any and all statements I have made that are incongruent with the True Faith, and apologize for ever having made them-
 

Offline maryslittlegarden

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Re: The Errors of the Jansenists
« Reply #3 on: March 08, 2013, 04:58:07 PM »
Thank you for that - off to do some reading. 
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Offline OCLittleFlower

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Re: The Errors of the Jansenists
« Reply #4 on: March 08, 2013, 06:26:58 PM »
Notice that these condemnations aren't so much endorsing of laxity, but condemning of 'rigorosity' for lack of a better term.

In the common example of a Catholic who refuses to drink and one who (moderately and licitly) enjoys drink, neither is less Catholic based on the fact alone, and the person who refuses to drink could only be rebuked if he refuses to drink because he believes the drink is evil itself.

A Catholic who chooses to impose harsher disciplines upon himself than are 'required' is not a Jansenist.

I made this post more for the reason of illustrating that Jansenism is very specific, and that a person can avoid all worldliness and not be a Jansenist.  I doubt any of us would call the Transalpine Redemptorists Jansenists.  We should not let our opposition to Jansenism be an excuse for sinful frivolity.

Catholicism is very much about balance, although not in the Eastern sense (balance for it's own sake).  It's about balance because of how easy it is to sin.  One can sin through laxity, and through rigorousness.  Our Lord says 'narrow is the path.'  The path is like a tight rope.  One can fall to one side or the other.

Great post!
-- currently writing a Trad romance entitled Flirting with Sedevacantism --

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